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Sir Robert Peel
"robert peel quote needed" - a
john dalton biography

Bury's favourite son becomes Prime Minister

Robert Peel

Robert Peel was born on the 5th February at Chamber Hall, Bury, the first son and third child of Robert Peel, a wealthy cotton spinner and print works owner.

After leaving Harrow school, Robert Peel went to the House of Commons with his father who would often speak up for the cotton trade before eventually becoming an MP.

Thanks to his father's standing as an MP, Robert Peel became an MP himself in 1809 for the Irish seat of Cashel City, Co. Tipperary, a borough with only twenty-four voters.

In 1822, aged 34, Peel became a Cabinet minister for the first time as Home Secretary for Lord Liverpool's Tory government, reforming the gaols and reducing the amount of offences that carried the death penalty. He also supervised the response to the outbreak of industrial unrest especially on Lancashire.

When Canning replaced Lord Liverpool as Prime Minister in 1827, Peel resigned because the new leader believed in giving more rights to Catholic's. He returned a year later though as Home Secretary when the Duke of Wellington became Tory leader.

In 1828, Robert Peel's Metropolitan Police Act was passed, which is now seen as the creation of the police force, hence, the term 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers'.

In 1834, Robert Peel became British Prime Minister in a minority Tory Government which was defeated four month's later in the General Election. He returned as Prime Minister in 1841 as leader of a majority Conservative Government and established the modern Conservative Party.

In 1845, the beginning of the Irish Potato Famine; Peel unpopularly committed the cabinet to repealing the Corn Laws, which made him popular with the 'common people'. He resigned as Prime Minister a year later however when he was defeated on a Coercion Bill for Ireland. He remained a minister, urging measures to aid the economic recovery of Ireland.

Robert Peel, Bury's most famous son, was killed when he fell from his horse in Hyde Park, London, on 2nd July 1850, aged 62.

The whole nation mourned his death, especially Bury, where a statue was erected, as well as the dominating Peel Tower (which cost 1,000 raised through public appeal) overlooking the whole of Manchester from the top of Holcombe Hill above Ramsbottom.

Manchester's first ever outdoor statue raised by public subscription was the Peel Monument in Piccadilly. The Peel Memorial Committee collected an amazing 3,000 in 4 days from the town's people to erect the statue in his memory.

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john dalton books

John Dalton, 1766-1844
(Dec 1997)

John Dalton 1766-1844

This second edition of A.L. Smythe's bibliography of works, both by and about Dalton, contains more than half as many entries again as the original edition of 1966. New sections include an annotated list of surviving apparatus and personal effects, an index of letters and printed extracts of letters, and a current plan of Manchester, as well as one of 1793, showing places with Dalton associations [ISBN: 1859284388] [buy the book]

John Dalton's Colour Vision Legacy
(Feb 1997)

John Dalton's Colour Vision Legacy

This book marks the 200th anniversary of the first description of a congenital colour vision defect by John Dalton. Illustrated throughout, the book brings together leading experts from around the world, reviewing the complex and multidisciplinary specializations which make up colour vision research [ISBN: 0748403108] [buy the book]

The Concept of an Atom from Democritus to John Dalton

This work is an investigation into the ages-old discussion about whether primary indivisible bodies exist, from Democritus in the fifth century BC, to John Dalton in 1802. It investigates Aristotle's opposition and whether the Democritean atom is the same as the Daltonian atom. [ISBN: 0773496491] [buy the book]

Dalton and the Contribution of Self-Observation to Scientific Discovery
(republished 1992)

[ISBN: 1857080297] [buy the book]



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